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Sources Used/Recommended Reading

This is a list of sources I have used/am/will be using. It’s not static by any means; it will grow as I progress with this study.

The Crusades in The Levant

Armstrong, Karen. Holy War: The Crusades and Their Impact on Today’s World. New York; Anchor Books, 2001.

Asbridge, Thomas. The Crusades: The Authoritative History of The War For The Holy Land. Ecco; New York, 2011.

Barber, Malcolm. The Crusader States. Yale University Press; New Haven and London, 2012

Bartlett, W.B. Downfall of the Crusader Kingdom: The Battle of Hattin and the Loss of Jerusalem. The History Press; Gloucestershire, 2010.

Haag, Michael. The Templars: The History and the Myth. New York; London; Toronto; Sydney; HarperCollins, 2009.

France, John. “The First Crusade: Impelled by the Love of God” in Crusades: The Illustrated History. Ed. Thomas Madden. London; Duncan Baird Publishers, 2004.

Haag, Michael. The Templars: The History and the Myth. New York; London; Toronto; Sydney; HarperCollins, 2009.

Hindley, Geoffrey. A Brief History of The Crusades. Constable & Robinson, Ltd; London, 2003.

Hutton, Barbara. Heroes of the Crusades. Griffith and Farran; London, 1869.

Krey, August C. The First Crusade: The Accounts of Eye-Witnesss and Participants. Princeton; Princeton University Press, 1921.

Nicholson, Dr. Helen and Dr. David Nicolle. God’s Warriors: Crusaders, Saracens and The Battle for Jerusalem. Osprey Publishing; Oxford; New York, 2005.

Nicolle, David. The First Crusade 1096-99: Conquest of The Holy Land. Osprey Publishing; Oxford; New York, 2003.

Runciman, Steven. A History of the Crusades: The First Crusade. Vol.1. Cambridge; Cambridge University Press, 1951.

Stark, Rita M. Knights of the Cross: The Epic of the Crusades. Bloomington; iUniverse, 2008.

Stark, Rodney. God’s Battalions: The Case for the Crusades. New York; London; Toronto; HarperCollins, 2009.

Ed. Tyerman, Christopher. Chronicles of the First Crusade. Penguin Classics; London; New York; Penguin Classics, 2012

Various contributors. Chronicles of the Crusades: Eye-Witness Accounts of The Wars Between Christianity and Islam. Bramley Books; Portugal, 1997.

Yewdale, Ralph B. Bohemond I, Prince of Antioch. Princeton University Press; Princeton, 1917.

The Crusades in Spain:

Bishko, Charles J. “The Spanish and Portuguese Reconquest, 1095-1492.” In A History of the Crusades, vol. 3: The Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries, ed. Harry W. Hazard. University of Wisconsin Press; Madison, 1975.

Brodman, James W. Ransoming Captives in Crusader Spain: The Order of Merced on the Christian-Islamic Frontier. University of Pennsylvania Press, 1986.

Burns, Robert I. The Crusader Kingdom of Valencia: Reconstruction on a Thirteenth-Century Frontier. Harvard University Press, 1967.

Dillard, Heath. Daughters of the Reconquest: Women in Castilian Town Society, 1100-1300. Cambridge University Press, 1984.

Forster, John, trans. The Chronicle of James I, King of Aragon, Surnamed the Conqueror. Chapman and Hall; London, 1883.

Lipskey, Glenn E. The Chronicle of Alfonso the Emperor: A Translation of the Chronica Adefonsiimperatoris, with study and notes. Ph.D. dissertation. Northwestern University, 1972.

Lowney, Chris. A Vanished World: Muslims, Christians, and Jews in Medieval Spain. Oxford University Press; Oxford; New York, 2006.

O’Callaghan, Joseph F. Reconquest and Crusade in Medieval Spain. University of Pennsylvania Press; Philadelphia, 2003.

Reilly, Bernard F. The Kingdom of Leon-Castile Under King Alfonso VI, 1065-1109. Princeton University Press, 1988.

Other Sources:

Alexius I Comnenus: Byzantine Emperor:

Pope Urban’s Speech at Clermont:

Stewart, Chris and Ted Stewart. 7 Tipping Points That Saved the World. Shadow Mountain; Salt Lake City, 2011.

The Battle of Manzikert (1071 A.D.):

The Crusades: Crescent and The Cross. Produced and Directed by Mark Lewis; Narrated by Keith David; Ex. Producer, Richard Bradley. The History Channel, 2005.

One Response to Sources Used/Recommended Reading

  1. Alina

    The First Crusade resulted from the rise of the Seljuk Turks and their deeaft of the Byzantine army at Manzikert in 1071. Faced with the loss of Anatolia (the main recruiting ground for the Empire) the Emperor called for military help from the West. And as Fr Young points out, the former Arab rulers of Jerusalem were accommodating to Christian pilgrims,whereas the more fanatical Turks, recent converts to Islam, were not. That the crusade was a Christian reaction to a recent Moslem invasion was not mentioned.Urban addressed his appeal to the military classes, and the official crusade took some time to organize. Before it was ready the so-called ‘people’s crusade’ had set off for Constantinople – Urban had not forseen such an extraordinary mass movement, and the Emperor, who was expecting disciplined Frankish knights, was horrified when this vast rabble appeared before the walls of his city. He quickly arranged for them to be shipped across to Asia Minor where they were slaughtered or enslaved by the Turks. This was glossed over in the programme.They might also have mentioned the Christian significance of Antioch. As for ‘new evidence’, I won’t hold my breath. The classic account is still Sir Steven Runciman’s three volume History of the Crusades, published over fifty years ago and a masterpiece of historical writing.

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