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The Kingdom of Jerusalem

The Field of Blood: The Aftermath

The crushing defeat at the Field of Blood caused many people to ponder this troubling question: If God was truly on their side, fighting with them, why did He let them suffer defeat? No one in those days realized that the flaws in their own military strategy led to defeat. Rather, all of the blame … Continue reading »

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The Field of Blood

Sometime in June 1119, news reached Roger at Antioch that Il-ghazi, the Artuqid Turk, had raised a large army and was marching on the Principality of Antioch. Upon hearing of this news, Roger appealed to Pons of Tripoli and to Baldwin II for aid. Pons and Baldwin II began at once to assemble their armies. … Continue reading »

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Baldwin le Bourcq Becomes Baldwin II of Jerusalem

While they were in Egypt, Baldwin I announced his arrangement for his succession before all his vassals. That was at the end of March in 1118, shortly before his death. ‘Baldwin resolved the kingdom should go to his brother Eustace, if by chance he would come. If indeed he was unable because of his age, … Continue reading »

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Roger’s Victory

Aleppo was in a state of disarray in the second decade of the 12th century. The Sultan of Baghdad, seeing that as an opportunity to enhance his power in the Middle East, funded a new invasion into Frankish Syria. This time, he placed a Persian warlord, Bursuq of Hamadan in command of the army. Luckily … Continue reading »

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The Nizaris: Reason for Tughtegin’s Alliance With the Franks

Maudud returned to Damascus with Tughtegin early in the Fall of 1113. This turned out to be a fatal decision for Maudud because, while attending prayers at the Grand Mosque with Tughtegin, Maudud was attacked and mortally wounded. The assailant was promptly sought out and executed. However, in the process his identity and association were … Continue reading »

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The Land of Milk and Honey: The Kingdom of Jerusalem

The coastline of Ascalon. It doesn’t look nearly as desolate and brown as is depicted in popular film and literature. This is an article by co-contributor Helena Schrader. The crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem is most frequently depicted in modern literature and film as a desert wasteland dotted with massive castles on barren hills. This image … Continue reading »

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King Baldwin’s Mistake

Even though the crusader states were united, they could not repel the threat posed by their Muslim neighbours. Maudud of Mosul was determined to oust the Franks from Syria. In the spring of 1113, he raised an army, marched across the Euphrates River and joined forces with Tughtegin, the Atabeg of Damascus, at the High … Continue reading »

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Marriage Alliances: Strengthening the Bonds of Unity Between the Crusader States

Tancred’s death happened at a time when the balance of power in the Levant was shifting. This shift was brought on by dynastic succession and a series of marriage alliances, particularly in the Principalities of Antioch, Edessa and Tripoli. The Principality of Antioch was passed to Tancred’s nephew, Roger of Salerno, son of the First … Continue reading »

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Tancred: True Founder of Antioch

Be what Tancred was, no one — not even his enemies — can deny the fact that he was the true founder of Antioch. In 1109 and 1110, he expanded Antioch’s frontiers, fighting ceaselessly and successfully subduing his Muslim neighbours. By 1110, the Principality of Antioch stretched from the Belus Hills between Antioch and Aleppo … Continue reading »

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A Crushing Defeat over Saladin: Montgisard

This is another guest article by Author Helena Schrader. In in 1177, Salah-ad-Din (known in the West as Saladin) launched a full-scale invasion of the Christian Kingdom of Jerusalem. It was less than ten years since Saladin had assassinated his way to power in the Fatimid Caliphate in Cairo, and ruthlessly suppressed numerous rebellions to … Continue reading »

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